browser icon
You are using an insecure version of your web browser. Please update your browser!
Using an outdated browser makes your computer unsafe. For a safer, faster, more enjoyable user experience, please update your browser today or try a newer browser.

The Major Difference Between Qualitative and Quantitative Researches

Posted by on 11 กันยายน, 2012

The Major Difference between Qualitative and Quantitative Researches

 

  • Qualitative research is conducted to build a new Theory or Body of Knowledge.
  • Quantitative research is conducted to test the existing theories.

 

Qualitative Vs. Quantitative Researches

Qualitative Research

Quantitative Research

–    Take place in the natural world-    Uses multiple methods that are interactive and humanistic

–    Is emergent rather than tightly prefigured

–    Is fundamentally interpretive

– Views social phenomenon holistically-  Systematically reflects on who she is in the inquiry

–  Is sensitive to her personal biography and how it shapes the study

Uses complex reasoning that is multifaceted and iterative

 

The Major Difference between Qualitative and Quantitative Researches

 

No

Issue

Difference

Qualitative

Quantitative

1 Objective Create theory of knowledge Test theory
2 Philosophy or paradigm Costructivism, Critical Theories, Participatory Positivism, Post-positivism
3 Strategy Narrative or Biography/Grounded Theory/Case study Survey and Experimental Design
4 Data collection In-depth interview Questionnaire
5 Data analysis Interpret words, phrases, letters Use statistics
6 Software NUD*IST, Atlas ti SPSS, SAS
7 Data presentation Diagrams, tables, matrices, graphs Tables, Figures
8 Report Flexible Fixed pattern
9 Conducting Research Begin with problem and end with theory Begin with theory and end with the result of theory testing
10 Literature Review Use as a guide for research design Use to develop research conceptual framework
11 Researcher’s role Mostly conducts research by himself Can use research assistant in many areas
12 Informants’ s role Play Active Role-Must listen to the voice of informant Play Inactive Role
13 Rigour or trustworthiness Credibility, Transferability, Dependability, Confirm ability Internal Validity, External Validity, Reliability, Objectivity
14 Researcher’ s ethics Protect the confidentiality of the informants Not always necessary
15 Relationships of researcher and informants Close Distance

 

ใส่ความเห็น